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What is Pressure Ulcer ?

Updated: Apr 13, 2021




Pressure ulcer (which commonly known as pressure sore or bed sore) are area of damage to the skin and underlying tissues due to prolonged pressure. Pressure ulcer (bed sore) can affect any parts of the body that put under pressure such as lying or sitting in the same position for too long. The reduction in blood supply to the skin and tissue result from the prolonged pressure and immobility will result in the sore and damage. Pressure ulcer (bed sore) commonly develop in the parts where skin is close to bone, such as hips, base of the spine, ankle, heels and elbows. They normally form gradually but may sometimes develop in a few hours.


In the latest NHMS 2019 report, it is estimated that around 1 in 50 of in Malaysia is receiving care at home in the last 12 months and 10.4% of them are receiving medical treatment such as tube-feeding, wound care, prevention of pressure ulcers (bed sore) and others.


Pressure Ulcer (Bed Sore) Risk factors:

1. Aging

2. Reduced mobility or immobility (example: due to Parkinson’s disease, stroke, pain and altered level of consciousness)

3. Friction and shear

4. Dehydration and malnutrition

5. Incontinence and excessive moisture

6. Reduced blood supply in the legs

7. Reduced skin sensation (such as neuropathy in diabetes)

8. Certain skin infections


Pressure ulcers (bed sore) are commonly happen in people who:

1. Are older

2. Unable to move or shift around easily due to medical conditions

3. Are in a nursing home or hospital